Fortified in the 3rd century and again in the 14th century, the town changed hands many times through the years and suffered numerous sieges.The signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 saw the city become the symbol of the European Union, with the first meeting of the original 12 member states being held here.On the banks of the River Maas, in an ultra-modern building that resembles a 1950s version of a rocket ship, the superb Bonnefanten Museum displays Maastricht's most important art collections.Named after the museum's former convent home - it was known as the Bonnefanten for its well-behaved children, the "bons enfants" - this palatial edifice with its massive conical tower (the aforementioned rocket ship) houses numerous paintings from the Dutch Masters, as well as many Italian and modern works.The caves are open by guided tour, and along with their historic interest, they also offer the chance to see evidence of ancient fossils.The impressive Basilica of Our Lady (Basiliek van Onze-Lieve-Vrouw) was built around AD 1000, although only a portion of the original survives.Housed in a 16th-century former home of the Dukes of Brabant, its collections include paintings, sculptures, furniture, silver, porcelain, and glass work from Maastricht.Particular highlights are the Wagner-De Wit collection of works by 17th-century Dutch and Flemish artists, as well as paintings from members of the Hague School, plus sculptures from the Middle Ages.
But with all its historic and artistic treasures, one of the best things to do in Maastricht is to just enjoy strolling its atmospheric streets and riversides. Servatius, the first Bishop of Maastricht, Roman Catholic St.
Other notable features include the cloister and the splendid vaulting of the nave and transepts added in the 14th and 15th centuries.
The most important part of the old church, however, is its rich Treasury, now a museum called The Treasures of St. Prime exhibits include a variety of sacred objects, pictures, and statues, as well as the Late Romanesque chest reliquary housing the remains of St.
Capital of the province of Limburg, Maastricht has a beautiful setting along both banks of the River Maas.
One of the country's busiest commercial and tourist centers, Maastricht was founded by the Romans in 50 BC on an important crossing-point on the Maas where two military roads met.